Carl Lohse

(Hamburg 1895 - 1965 Bischofswerda)

Scarred by the horrors of World War I with personal losses, but also new hope, Carl Lohse, a native of Hamburg, began working on an outstanding expressive work in 1919. At the invitation of the fittings manufacturer Karl Hebenstreit, he came to Bischofswerda for the first time in 1919 and found the best working conditions and financial support. Expressive portraits with unusually intense color contrasts, but also landscapes and cityscapes are created until 1921. His early work is today considered one of the most important expressionist creations after World War I in Germany.
Since at first the great sales successes failed to materialize, Lohse returned briefly to his former home in Hamburg, but in 1929 he moved permanently to Bischofswerda to the house of his father-in-law, who ran a colonial wholesale business and in which he also worked.
In his second creative period until 1939, the use of color was reduced and his paintings took on a more realistic character. Finally, his late work is characterized by important portraits and landscapes. He died in Bischofswerda in 1965.


born on October 24 in Hamburg
1909 - 1910
through sponsorship by Alfred Lichtwark, attends Arthur Siebelist's State Trade and Painting School in Hamburg
Studies at the Academy in Weimar with Albin Egger-Lienz and Fritz Mackensen; friendship with Otto Pankok, inspired by van Gogh during trips to Holland
Soldier in WW1, trapped at the Battle of the Somme. English prisoner of war in the quarries of Calais.
after release from war captivity, moves to Bischofswerda/Saxony; member of the Dresden Secession Group 1919, acquaintance with Otto Dix
first solo exhibition at the Emil Richter Gallery in Dresden, enthusiastically acclaimed by critics, but not a single painting sold
Marriage to Johanna Scheumann (1894-1977), two daughters
Solo exhibition at the Heinrich Kühl Gallery, Dresden
1935 - 1937
Painting studies at the Baltic Sea, his art is defamed as "degenerate", he is observed by the police
1944 - 1945
The end of the Second World War he experienced with the Volkssturm in Tetschen-Bodenbach
Participation in the General German Art Exhibition in Dresden
a solo exhibition in Zittau led to attacks on Lohse (formalism debate). His art was described as sick and he as a danger to the state. Again police observation, interrogated in December 1957, had to hand over his identity card.
1958 - 1959
Study visits together with Erhard Hippold at the Baltic Sea
dies on May 3 in Bischofswerda